Countable And Uncountable Nouns: Definition, List, Rules, Uses With Examples & Worksheet

Countable And Uncountable Nouns: Meaning, List, Rules, Uses With Examples (Hindi)

A Noun can be Countable or Uncountable, Compare,

CountableUncountable
There are some apples in the bag.Can I have some water?
I ate an apple.He ate rice.

Countable Noun

Countable Noun: Countable Nouns are those which can be counted.

They have both singular and plural and they can be introduced by determiners that make distinctions in one and more than one.

वैसे सभी Nouns जिनकी गणना की जा सकती है, Countable Nouns कहा जाता है.

Countable Nouns Singular एवं Plural दोनों हो सकते हैं, जिन्हें निर्धारित करने के लिए प्रायः Determiners का प्रयोग किया जाता है.

Countable Noun Examples

Five mangoes, Some pencils, A teacher, All houses, and Several birds.

Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable Noun: Uncountable Nouns indicate things that cannot be counted.

They are singular in form and, therefore, they always take singular verbs with them.

वैसे Nouns जिनकी गणना नहीं की जा सकती है, Uncountable Nouns कहा जाता है.

UnCountable Nouns प्रायः Singular Form में होते हैं, जिन्हें निर्धारित करने के लिए ऐसे Nouns के साथ Singular Verbs का प्रयोग किया जाता है.

Example:

  • Time is precious.
  • Music gives some rest to the mind.
  • Drinking water is costly in some countries.

Note: Some, Any, Much and Little are some of the determiners which are used with uncountable nouns, i.e.

  • He has some knowledge of French.
  • I have little hope of his survival.
  • The Ambani brothers have a lot of money.
  • Is there any water in the jar?

How to Identify Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Rule: 1

We can divide Uncountable Nouns into several categories. These are words that are often used with Uncountable meanings.

Sometimes they can be changed in meaning to be used in singular and plural forms.

Uncountable Noun Examples

  • Abstract Nouns: Justice, Bravery, Happiness, Poverty, Liberty, Sweetness.
  • Things that come in very small pieces: Rice, Salt, Sugar, etc.
  • Liquids: Water, Milk, Oil, Petrol, Diesel, Blood, etc.
  • Gases: Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, etc.
  • Activities and Sports: Cricket, Hockey, Knitting, Football, Fishing, Shopping, etc.
  • Diseases: Fever, Measles, Mumps, Smallpox, etc.
  • Solids & Materials: Iron, Steel, Gold, Silver, Mercury, Ice, etc.
  • Names of subjects of study: History, Physics, Accounting, Biology, Mathematics, Linguistics, etc.
  • The whole is made up of similar parts: Sets of things: Furniture, Wood, Luggage, Jewellery, Equipment, etc.

Rule: 2

Some Uncountable Nouns can be made plural by using expressions like a cup of tea, two pieces of furniture, etc,

Uncountable Nouns List

Study The Given List of Uncountable Nouns

a game of chessa glass of water
a bit of lucka lump of sugar
a piece of luggagean article on furniture
a piece of advicea piece of research
a piece of equipmenta piece of news
a blade of grassa piece of rubbish
a piece of informationa piece of work
a flash of lightninga clap of thunder
a piece of bread.a ton of coal
a piece of baggagea pound of sugar

Some Nouns can be countable or uncountable with different meanings

CountableUncountable
I have an electric iron.This rod is made of iron.
Switch off all the lights.There isn’t adequate light in this office.
Can you buy me some paper?I need some paper to write.
I run a small business.I have a good mind for business.
Bring me a glass of milk.Glass is not a good conductor of electricity.

Some Nouns can be either countable or uncountable, depending on the situation

CountableUncountable
She gave me a mangoMango is my favorite fruit
She lives a happy lifeLife is long
The child threw a stone at the dogThe house is built of stone
My two favorite fruits are apples and bananasFruit is necessary for good health
Do not make a noise in the classConstant noise can make you deaf

Worksheet on Countable And Uncountable Nouns

Worksheet: 1 Use the following nouns in your sentences & say whether they are Countable or Uncountable, depending on the context:

SceneryAccountingTextbookCrystal
ExpectationAcidEmotionThought
GarbageBagLifeSmoking
RainBiologyBeautyConduct
EssayLuggageShoppingDefense
ApplausePoetryBaggage
ProgressExperienceBeauty

Worksheet: 2 Some Nouns are given below, Use expressions like a piece of to make them Countable and use them in your sentences:

ChocolateBreadRubbishPaint
ThunderToothpasteCerealGrass
WorkEquipmentSugarAdvice
LuggageCoalInformationButter
LuckFurnitureWater
ResearchWoodNews

Worksheet: 3 Say if the words in italics in the following sentences are Countable or Uncountable:

  1. Spanish is difficult to understand.
  2. Give the child a mango.
  3. Time doesn’t wait for anyone.
  4. Would you take some ice cream, please?
  5. One should do one’s work with honesty.
  6. There is an American in our school.
  7. Labour never goes in vain.
  8. Contentment brings happiness.
  9. I need some sugar in my coffee.

Worksheet: 4 Choose the correct form for each:

  1. Do you have bike/ a bike?
  2. Painting / a painting is brown’s hobby.
  3. Models wear much/ many jewellery.
  4. Bill Gates has much/ many money.
  5. Mr. Singh has done many/ much research on this topic.
  6. The postman has bought letter / a letter for you.
  7. While driving the car he met with an accident/ accident.

Countable And Uncountable Nouns FAQs

  1. Difference Between Countable and Uncountable Nouns

    Countable Nouns are those which can be counted and Uncountable Nouns indicate things that cannot be counted.

  2. What are Countable Noun Examples

    A teacher, All houses, Several birds, Four mangoes, Some pencils, etc.

  3. What are Uncountable Noun Examples

    Water, Milk, Bravery, Happiness, Oxygen, Football, Iron, Accounting, Wood, Luggage, etc.

Countable And Uncountable Nouns (List, Rules, Uses With Examples & Worksheet)

इस प्रकार, ऊपर वर्णित Countable and Uncountable Noun के प्रकार एवं उनके सही उपयोग के नियमों को ध्यान में रखते हुए आप परीक्षा में पूछे जानेवाले प्रश्नों के सही उत्तर दे पाने में सक्षम हो पायेंगे.

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