Noun: Definition, Types, Uses With Examples and Rules

What is a Noun: Mostly a Noun is the basic part of speech and it refers to the names of any person, place, things, quality, and state.

It can be classified into both Singular and Plural forms.

Noun Definition: A Noun is a word used to name a person, place, quality, state, animal, or thing.

Noun In Hindi: Noun को हिंदी भाषा में संज्ञा कहा जाता है.

संज्ञा वह शब्द है जिसका प्रयोग किसी व्यक्ति, वस्तु, स्थान, अवस्था (स्थिति), गुण या जानवरों के नाम के लिए किया जाता है.

Noun Examples

i.e. Sachin Tendulkar, Tom Cruise, Tiger, Monkey, Mumbai, Delhi, Book, Happiness, etc.

Types of Noun

There are 8 different types of nouns (Noun and Its Types)

 types of Noun

Types of Nouns with Examples

Types of NounsNoun Examples
Proper NounKalidas, Sonam, India, Russia
Common NounGirl, Boy, Lion, Tiger, Men, Women, City
Collective NounArmy, Police, Jury, Team, Squad, Family
Material NounGold, Silver, Iron, Plastic, Wood
Abstract NounHappiness, Bravery, Imagination, Intelligence, Anger
Concrete NounTelevision, Mobile, Laptop, Airconditioner
Countable NounFive Mangoes, Two Computers
Uncountable NounOxygen, Water, Rice, Work, Bravery

1) Proper Noun Meaning

A Proper Noun is the name of some specific or particular person or thing, distinguishing it from others of its class.

A Proper Noun always begins with a capital letter.

एक व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा किसी विशिष्ट या विशेष व्यक्ति या वस्तु का नाम है, जो इसे अपने वर्ग के अन्य लोगों से अलग करती है.

Proper Noun Examples

  • Kalidas was a famous playwright.
  • Sonam is a good girl.
  • New York is a big city.

In the above sentences, Kalidas is the name of a particular dramatist, while the Noun playwright can be applied to all playwrights.

Similarly, Sonam is a girl’s name, while a girl can be applied to all girls.

And, New York is the name of a particular city, while a city can be applied to all cities.

Thus, Kalidas, Sonam, and New York are Proper Nouns because they refer to some specific or particular person, place or thing.

ऊपर दिए गए वाक्यों में, कालिदास एक विशेष नाटककार का नाम है, जबकि संज्ञा के रूप में नाटककार शब्द सभी नाटककारों के लिए लागू होता है.

इसी तरह, सोनम एक लड़की का नाम है, जबकि संज्ञा के रूप में एक लड़की का नाम सभी लड़कियों के लिए लागू होती है.

और, न्यूयॉर्क एक विशेष शहर का नाम है, जबकि संज्ञा के रूप में एक शहर सभी शहरों के लिए लागू किया जा सकता है.

इस प्रकार, कालिदास, सोनम और न्यूयॉर्क व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा हैं क्योंकि वे किसी विशिष्ट या विशेष व्यक्ति, स्थान या वस्तु के नाम को संदर्भित करते हैं.

  • Proper Nouns List

2) Common Noun Meaning

A Common Noun is a name given in common to every person or thing of the same class or kind.

एक सामान्य संज्ञा एक ही वर्ग या प्रकार के प्रत्येक व्यक्ति या वस्तु को समान रूप से दिया जाने वाला नाम है.

Common Noun Examples

i.e. Girl, Boy, Lion, Tiger, Pen, Pencil, Flower, City, Cat, etc.

3) Collective Noun Meaning

A Collective Noun is the name of a group or collection of persons, animals, or things, considered as one whole,

एक सामूहिक संज्ञा किसी समूह या व्यक्तियों, जानवरों या चीजों के संग्रह का नाम है, जिसे एक संपूर्ण के रूप में माना जाता है.

Collective Noun Examples

i.e. Army, Police, Jury, Family, Flock, Committee, Fair, etc.

  • Collective Nouns List

4) Material Noun Meaning

A Material Noun is the name of some matter or substance of which things are made

“द्रव्यवाचक संज्ञा किसी पदार्थ या पदार्थ के नाम को कहते हैं जिससे वस्तुएँ बनती हैं”

Material Noun Examples

i.e. Gold, Silver, Wood, Iron, Flour, etc.

5) Abstract Noun Meaning

An Abstract Noun refers to some quality, state, event, concept, or feeling without physical existence.

“Abstract Noun कुछ गुणवत्ता, अवस्था, घटना, अवधारणा, या भावनाओं को संदर्भित करता है जिनका कोई भौतिक अस्तित्व नहीं है”

Abstract Noun Examples

i.e. Happiness, Fear, Anger, Luck, Intelligence, Bravery, Imagination, Misfortune, etc.

  • List of Abstract Nouns

6) Concrete Noun Meaning

Any object or material, which has a physical presence and which can be touched, is called a Concrete Noun.

कोई भी वस्तु या सामग्री, जिसकी भौतिक रूप से उपस्थिति हो एवं जिसे हम छू सके, उसे Concrete Noun कहा जाता है.

Concrete Noun Examples

i.e. Television, Monitor, Laptop, Mobile, etc.

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

A Noun can be Countable or Uncountable, Compare,

CountableUncountable
There are some apples in the bag.Can I have some water?
I ate an apple.He ate rice.

7) Countable Noun

Countable Noun: Countable Nouns are those which can be counted.

वैसे सभी Nouns जिनकी गणना की जा सकती है, Countable Nouns कहा जाता है.

Countable Noun Examples

Five mangoes, Some pencils, A teacher, All houses, Several birds, etc

8) Uncountable Nouns

Uncountable Noun: Uncountable Nouns indicate things that cannot be counted.

वैसे Nouns जिनकी गणना नहीं की जा सकती है, Uncountable Nouns कहा जाता है.

Note:

Some, Any, Much, a lot of, and Little are some of the determiners which are used with uncountable nouns, i.e.

  • He has some knowledge of French.
  • I have little hope of his survival.
  • The Ambani brothers have a lot of money.
  • Is there any water in the jar?

Uncountable Noun Examples

  • Abstract Nouns: Justice, Bravery, Liberty, Sweetness.
  • Things that come in very small pieces: Rice, Salt, Sugar, etc.
  • Liquids: Water, Milk, Oil, Diesel, Blood, etc.
  • Gases: Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, etc.
  • Diseases: Fever, Measles, etc.
  • Solids & Materials: Iron, Steel, Gold, etc.

Some Uncountable Nouns can be made plural by using expressions like a cup of tea, two pieces of furniture, etc.

Uncountable Nouns List

Study The Given List of Uncountable Nouns

a piece of advicea piece of research
a blade of grassa piece of rubbish
a piece of informationa piece of work
a piece of bread.a ton of coal

Some Nouns can be countable or uncountable with different meanings

CountableUncountable
Switch off all the lights.There isn’t adequate light in this office.
I run a small business.I have a good mind for business.
Bring me a glass of milk.Glass is not a good conductor of electricity.

Some Nouns can be either countable or uncountable, depending on the situation

CountableUncountable
She lives a happy lifeLife is long
My two favorite fruits are apples and bananasFruit is necessary for good health
  • Know More About Countable and Uncountable Nouns, (Click Here)…

Classification of Nouns

According to Numbers, Nouns are classified into two categories, which are:

  • Singular Noun &
  • Plural Noun

1) Singular Noun

A Noun that denotes one person or thing is said to be in the Singular Number (Noun).

as, Book, Pencil, Student, Ball, Doctor, etc

2) Plural Noun

A Noun that denotes more than one person or thing is said to be in the Plural Number (Noun).

as, Books, Pencils, Students, Balls, Doctors, etc.

  • To Know More About Numbers (Click Here)…

Noun FAQs

  1. What is Noun

    The noun is a naming word (Person, Place, or Thing)

  2. Types of Noun

    There are 8 types of Nouns:
    Proper Noun
    Common Noun
    Collective Noun
    Material Noun
    Abstract Noun
    Concrete Noun
    Countable Noun
    Uncountable Noun

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