Parts of Speech with Examples

Parts of Speech with Examples

The part of speech has a very important role in any sentence, which completes that sentence by joining in some form.

Parts of speech or “word classes” are classes into which words are divided according to their function in sentences.

According to the function they perform in different sentences, words are divided into different types or classes.

The particular function that a word performs is called its function.

Through this article, we will have a detailed discussion about all parts of speech with examples used in English grammar sentences.

Parts of Speech With Examples

There are 8 Parts of Speech according to English Grammar, which are:

  1. Noun
  2. Pronoun
  3. Verb
  4. Adjective
  5. Adverb
  6. Preposition
  7. Conjunction
  8. Interjection

1) Noun Definition and Examples

According to English Grammar Noun is a naming word, like Person, Place, Animal, State, or, Thing.

Examples:

Persson: Virat, Jack, Tom, Aishwarya, Deepika, Katrina, etc.

  • Katrina is a beautiful Indian Actress.
  • Virat Kohli is a famous cricketer.

Place: Delhi, Mumbai, New York, Kashmir, etc.

  • Mumbai is a big city.
  • He lives in Mumbai.
  • New Delhi is the capital of India.

Animal: Lion, Dog, Leopard, Elephant, etc.

  • Lion is our national animal.
  • The dog is a pet animal.
  • An elephant is a big animal.

State: Happiness, Fear, Anger, Imagination, Intelligence, Bravery, etc.

  • Every teacher admires Jack for his bravery.
  • The phoenix is an imaginary creature.
  • I love my family above all.

Thing: Gold, Wood, Silver, Iron, Sugar, Flour, etc.

  • These forks are made of pure steel.
  • Nowadays gold is very costly.
  • Sugar is not suitable for health.

2) Pronoun Definition and Examples

A Pronoun is a word that is used in place of a Noun.

Examples:

Rohit is an intelligent student. He reads in class eight. He obeys his teachers. All teachers like him.

Here, he, his, or him has been used in place of the noun Rohit.

So, he, his, and him are called Pronouns.

Pronoun Examples

  • Personal Pronoun: I, we, You, He, She, It & They.
  • Possessive Pronoun: Mine, Ours, His, Hers, & Theirs.
  • Reflexive & Emphatic: Myself, Yourself, Himself, Herself, Itself, Ourselves, Yourselves, Themselves.
  • Demonstrative Pronoun: This, That, These, & Those.
  • Distributive Pronoun: Each, Either, and Neither.
  • Reciprocal Pronoun: Each Other and One Another.
  • Relative Pronoun: Who, Whose, Whom, Which, and That.
  • Interrogative Pronoun: Who, What, Which, Whom, and Whose.
  • Indefinite Pronouns:
OneEverybodySomethingOther
AnyoneSomebodyNothingLittle
SomeoneNobodyAnythingNone
EveryoneAnybodyEverythingMuch

3) Verb Definition and Examples

A Verb is a word that says something about some person or thing.

Examples:

  • Birds fly.
  • Mr. Jack teaches English.
  • She is my trainer.

Verbs Examples

  • Auxiliary Verbs: Is, am, are, was, were, has, have.
  • Transitive Verbs: speaks, drives, helps, ask, play, promise, read, sing, wish, write, etc.
  • Intransitive Verbs: come, laugh, fall, die, sleep, smile, live, lie, go, exist, etc.

4) Adjective Definition and Examples

An Adjective is a word used to qualify (or modify) a Noun or a Pronoun.

Examples:

  • Jack is a clever boy.
  • Mumbai is a big city.
  • I need some information about her.
  • Mr. David has two daughters.
  • Bring that laptop to me.

5) Adverb Definition and Examples

An Adverb is a word that modifies the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

An Adverb adds more to the meaning of a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Examples:

  • She is walking slowly.
  • She speaks quite clearly.
  • It is a lovely kid.

6) Preposition Definition and Examples

A Preposition is a word placed before a Noun or its equivalent to show the relationship between the Noun or its equivalent and some other word in a sentence.

Examples:

  • The frog jumped into the well.
  • Mahatma Gandhi was kind to the poor.
  • I kept the dictionary on the table.
  • She came before me.
  • I went after you.

Preposition Examples

  • Simple Preposition: In, at, to, of, from, for, out, since, till, off, up, by, etc.
  • Compound Preposition: Above, between, beside, behind, about, across, below, besides, inside, outside, within, beneath, etc.

7) Conjunction Definition and Examples

A Conjunction is a word used to join sentences or words together.

Examples:

SentenceUsing Conjunction
I know Hindi. I know English.I know Hindi and English.
He warned her. She did not care about it.He warned her but she did not care about it.
He can dance. He can sing.He can dance as well as sing.

Conjunction Types and Examples

Cumulative Conjunctions: And, also, too, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, now, well.

Alternative Conjunctions: Either…or, neither…nor, else, or, otherwise.

Adversative Conjunctions: But, still, only, yet, however, nevertheless, whereas.

Illatives: For, therefore, then, so.

8) Interjection Definition and Examples

An Interjection is a word that expresses some sudden emotion or feeling of the mind.

Such words as Ah!, Alas!, and Hark! are used to express some sudden emotion or feeling are called Interjections.

Examples:

  • Ah! How badly he is injured!
  • Alas! He died so young.
  • Hark! The sound is heard once more.
  • Hurrah! We won the match.

There are also certain Phrases that are used like Interjections to express some strong emotion or feeling:

Ah me! Alack-a-day! Good-bye! For shame! Woe is me! Good heavens! Oh dear me! Good gracious!

Parts of Speech FAQs

What are parts of speech?

Parts of Speech are the “word classes” or classes into which various categories of words are divided according to their function in a sentence.

What are 8 types of parts of speech?

There are 8 types of parts of speech in English, these are:
1. Noun
2. Pronoun
3. Verb
4. Adjective
5. Adverb
6. Preposition
7. Conjunction
8. Interjection

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