Types of Pronoun, Definition & Uses With Examples

Pronoun Definition And Examples | Hindi

Do you want to know what is Pronoun, how many types are there and how to use them.

How to use all these types of Pronouns in a sentence,

An attempt has been made to explain the rules for the use of pronouns with the help of examples,

Here you will get complete information about types of Pronouns and their uses with examples.

Pronoun Meaning: A pronoun is a word used instead of a Noun.

परिभाषा: संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयुक्त होनेवाला शब्द “सर्वनाम” कहलाता है.

Types of Pronouns

There are mainly 10 types of Pronouns,

  • Personal Pronoun
  • Indefinite Pronoun
  • Possessive Pronouns
  • Distributive Pronoun
  • Relative Pronoun
  • Reflexive Pronoun
  • Reciprocal Pronoun
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Intensive Pronoun Or, Emphatic Pronoun
  • Interrogative Pronoun

Personal Pronoun (Definition, Uses With Examples)

Personal Pronoun Definition: The words I, We, You, He, She, It, and They are called Personal Pronouns.

The order of Personal Pronoun in any sentence is “2,3,1“, i.e. 2nd Person, 3rd Person, 1st Person.

सामान्यतः किसी भी वाक्य में Personal Pronoun का क्रम (Order) “2,3,1” अर्थात् 2nd Person, 3rd Person, 1st Person का होता है,

Example: You, she, and I have to go there.

Note: But in case of confession of sin, fault, or mistake this sequence changes to “1,2,3

परन्तु पाप, दोष या भूल स्वीकार करने की स्थिति में यह क्रम “1,2,3” में बदल जाता है,

Example: I, You, and he are responsible for the loss.

Personal Pronouns Examples

Personal Pronouns For Subjects:

I, You, He, She, It, We, and They

Personal Pronouns For Objects:

You, Me, It, Him, Her, Us, and Them

Uses of Personal Pronouns

RULE: 1

In any sentence, the Pronoun of Objective Case is used after “Preposition and Let

किसी भी वाक्य में “Preposition एवं Let” के बाद Objective Case के Pronoun का प्रयोग किया जाता है,

Example:

  1. She was annoyed with you and him.
  2. Let him and me go out.

RULE: 2

Nominative Case is used after Than if the comparison is between two Nominatives, but if the comparison is between two Objects, then Objective Case is used.

Than के बाद Nominative Case का प्रयोग होता है, यदि तुलना (Comparison) दो Nominative के बीच हो, परन्तु यदि तुलना दो Objects के बीच हो, तो Objective Case का प्रयोग होता है,

Example:

  1. He is taller than she.
  2. They like her more than me.

Indefinite Pronouns (Definition, Uses With Examples)

Indefinite Pronouns do not refer to any particular persons or things, but they refer to persons or things in a general way.

‘अनिश्चयवाचक सर्वनाम’ किसी विशेष व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध नहीं करते, बल्कि वे सामान्य रूप से व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध कराते हैं.

Examples:

  • Is there anyone inside?
  • Someone is there in that room.
  • Anybody can answer such easy questions.

Indefinite Pronouns Examples

Indefinite Pronouns are – Some, All, One, No one, Nobody, Everyone, Anyone, Someone, Anybody, Somebody, etc.

Uses of Indefinite Pronouns

RULE: 1

Some and, Pronouns made from it are used in Affirmative Sentence, while Any and Pronouns formed from it are used in Negative Sense.

Some तथा इससे बने Pronouns का प्रयोग Affirmative Sentence में होता है, जबकि Any तथा इससे बने Pronouns का प्रयोग Negative Sense में होता है.

Example:

  1. He has read some of these books.
  2. He hasn’t read any of those books.

RULE: 2

If One is used as the subject of a sentence, then, Nominative – One, Adjective – One, Possessive – One’s, and Oneself are used for Reflexive.

One का प्रयोग यदि वाक्य के Subject के रूप में हो, तो इसके लिए, Nominative – One, Adjective – One, Possessive – One’s तथा Reflexive के लिए Oneself का प्रयोग होता है.

Example:

  1. One should do one’s duty.
  2. One must avail oneself of every good opportunity.

Possessive Pronouns

Definition: The forms Mine, Ours, Yours, His, Hers, and Theirs are called Possessive Pronouns.

  • This pen is mine.
  • You are no relative of ours.
  • That mobile is hers.

Possessive Pronouns Examples

Mine, Ours, Yours, His, Hers, and Theirs

Distributive Pronoun (Definition, Uses With Examples)

The Pronoun that refers to one person or thing at a time, is called Distributive Pronoun.

जिस सर्वनाम से एक समय में एक व्यक्ति या वस्तु का बोध होता है, उसे ‘Distributive Pronoun’ कहते हैं.

Each, Either and Neither are Distributive Pronoun because they refer to a single person or, thing in a group, one at a time.

Distributive Pronouns are always Singular followed by a Verb of the Singular number.

Examples:

  • Each of my parents loves me.
  • Either of you has broken this glass.
  • Either boy is guilty.
  • Neither of your two sons is intelligent.

Distributive Pronouns Examples

Distributive Pronouns are: Each, Either, Neither

Uses of Distributive Pronouns

RULE: 1

Each is used for two or more.

Each का प्रयोग दो या दो से अधिक के लिए किया जाता है,

Example:

  1. Each of the two men has a car.
  2. Each of the guests was given a gift.

RULE: 2

Either and Neither are used only for two, for more than two, Any/ Anybody and None are used in place of Either.

Either एवं Neither का प्रयोग सिर्फ दो के लिए किया जाता है, दो से अधिक के लिए Either के स्थान पर Any/ Anyone और Neither के स्थान पर None का प्रयोग किया जाता है,

Example:

  1. Neither of those two boys can come in.
  2. None of those five boys can come in.

Demonstrative Pronouns

A Demonstrative Pronoun points out a Person or Thing, as

  • This is my book.
  • That is your pen.
  • These are their books.
  • Those are her children.

Demonstrative Pronoun Examples

This, That, These and Those are Demonstrative Pronoun.

Rules:

This and These refer to what is close at hand, or near in time and place to the speaker, while That and Those refer to what is farther away or more remote.

Relative Pronoun

Definition: When the Pronouns Who, whose, Which, Whom and That are used to join two Sentences and refer to some Noungoing before, they are called Relative Pronouns.

जब सर्वनाम ‘Who, whose, Which, Whom एवं That’ का प्रयोग दो वाक्यों को जोड़ने के लिए किया जाता है एवं जो सर्वनाम पहले के कुछ संज्ञाओं का उल्लेख करते हैं, वे ‘Relative Pronouns‘ कहलाते हैं.

Relative Pronoun Examples

Relative Pronouns are: Who, Whom, Whose, Which, That

Examples:

(a) This is the boy. The boy helped me yesterday.

Relative: This is the boy who helped me yesterday.

(b) This is the man. The man’s son is in U.S.

Relative: This is the man whose son in U.S.

Uses of Relative Pronouns

RULE: 1

Who is used for Human Beings and Which is used for Things.

Who का प्रयोग मानव (Human Beings) के लिए तथा Which का प्रयोग वस्तु (Things) के लिए किया जाता है,

Example:

  1. This is the girl who came yesterday.
  2. The shirt which is in her hand is mine.

RULE: 2

That can be used for both mankind or thing, that is, in place of Who or Which.

That का प्रयोग मानव जाति या वस्तु दोनों के लिए अर्थात, Who या Which के स्थान पर किया जा सकता है,

Example:

  1. This is the girl that came yesterday.
  2. The shirt that is in her hand is mine.

RULE: 3

Who is used in Nominative Case, that is, it is followed by a verb, while Whom is used in Objective Case and is not followed by a verb.

Who का प्रयोग Nominative Case में होता है, अर्थात इसके बाद Verb आता है, जबकि Whom का प्रयोग Objective Case में होता है और इसके बाद Verb नहीं आता है,

Example:

  1. The man who is at the door wants to meet you.
  2. The lady whom you met last night is my teacher.

RULE: 4

Superlative Degree, Only, None, All (In the sense of everything) that is used after “the same

Superlative Degree, Only, None, All (Everything के अर्थ में) “the same” के बाद that का ही प्रयोग होता है,

Example:

  1. He is the tallest boy that I have seen.
  2. All that glitters is not gold.

Reflexive Pronouns

Definition: Reflexive Pronoun is used to refer back to the Subject of the Sentence.

किसी वाक्य के Subject को वापस संदर्भित करने के लिए जिस का Pronoun उपयोग किया जाता है, उसे “Reflexive Pronoun” कहा जाता है.

Reflexive Pronoun Examples

Myself, Himself, Itself, Yourself, Ourselves, Herself

Uses of Reflexive Pronouns

RULE: 1

Reflexive Pronouns are not used as the subject of the sentence.

Reflexive Pronouns का प्रयोग वाक्य के Subject के रूप में नहीं किया जाता है.

Example:

  1. You and myself are going to Mumbai [Incorrect]
  2. You and I are going to Mumbai [Correct]

RULE: 2

If a male or, female sex is not known from a child, infant, or baby then the Reflexive Pronoun “Itself” is used for this.

Child, Infant, Baby से Male या Female Sex का पता न हो तो, इसके लिए Reflexive Pronoun “Itself” का प्रयोग किया जाता है

Example:

  • The baby has hurts itself.

RULE: 3

An Object or Reflexive Pronoun is used after absent, pride, satisfy, enjoy, cheat, busy, introduce, etc.

Absent, Pride, Satisfy, Enjoy, Cheat, Busy, Introduce आदि Verbs के बाद एक Object या फिर Reflexive Pronoun का प्रयोग किया जाता है,

Example:

  1. I introduced myself to the manager.
  2. She absented herself from the office.

RULE: 4

The words Everyone, Someone, Anyone, No one, Somebody, Anybody, etc are Common Gender Pronouns, for which the Reflexive Pronoun “Himself” is used.

But “Herself” is used to indicate Females.

Everyone, Someone, Anyone, No one, Somebody, Anybody, आदि शब्द Common Gender के Pronouns हैं, इनके लिए Reflexive Pronoun “Himself” का प्रयोग किया जाता है.

परन्तु Female को इंगित करने के लिए “Herself” का प्रयोग किया जाता है.

Reciprocal Pronoun

Definition: “Each Other and One Another” are called Reciprocal Pronouns because they represent mutual action.

Each Other और One Another” को पारस्परिक सर्वनाम कहा जाता है, क्योंकि वे एक दूसरे के बीच पारस्परिक क्रिया का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं.

Reciprocal Pronoun Examples

Each other, One another

  • My Parents cares each other.
  • The King’s six sons loved one another very much.
  • The sides of a river can never meet each other.

Uses of Reciprocal Pronouns

RULE

In modern English usage, no main difference is considered between the use of Each other and One another, but from the point of view of examination, it is necessary to note that each other is used only for two and One another is used for more than two.

आधुनिक प्रयोग में Each other एवं One another के प्रयोग में कोई मुख्य अंतर नहीं माना जाता है, परन्तु परीक्षा के दृष्टिकोण से यह ध्यान रखना आवश्यक है कि Each other का प्रयोग केवल दो के लिए एवं One another का प्रयोग दो से अधिक के लिए किया जाता है.

Intensive Pronoun Or, Emphatic Pronoun

Definition: An Intensive or Emphatic Pronoun usually emphasizes the Subject of the Sentence and is placed just after it.

Intensive Pronoun or, Reflexive Pronoun or, Emphatic Pronouns ends in the Suffix -self or -selves.

Difference Between “Intensive Pronoun, Emphatic Pronoun & Reflexive Pronoun

An Intensive Pronoun is almost the same as a Reflexive Pronoun.

It serves to refer back to any other noun or pronoun that was previously used in the sentence.

For this reason, the Intensive Pronoun is sometimes called the Emphatic Pronoun also.

एक Intensive pronoun एक Reflexive Pronoun के लगभग समान ही होता है,

यह वाक्य में पूर्व में इस्तेमाल किए गए किसी भी अन्य संज्ञा या सर्वनाम को पुनः संदर्भित करने का कार्य करती है.

इस कारण से, Intensive pronoun को कभी-कभी Emphatic pronoun भी कहा जाता है.

Intensive Pronoun Examples

  • Common Intensive Pronouns: Yourself, Himself, Herself, Ourselves, Themselves

Interrogative Pronoun

Definition: A Pronoun used for asking a question is called an Interrogative Pronoun.

जिस Pronoun का प्रयोग प्रश्न पूछने के लिए किया जाता है, उसे Interrogative Pronoun कहते हैं.

Interrogative Pronoun Examples

Interrogative Pronouns are: Who, Whom, What, Which, Whose

Examples:

  • Who has stolen my mobile?
  • Whom did you give the message to?
  • What is your father’s name?
  • Which is his book?
  • Whose is this laptop?

FAQs About Pronoun and Their Uses

  1. What is Pronoun

    A pronoun is a word used instead of a Noun.

  2. Types of Pronoun

    There are mainly 8 types of Pronouns:
    Personal Pronoun
    Indefinite Pronoun
    Possessive Pronouns
    Distributive Pronoun
    Relative Pronoun
    Reflexive Pronoun
    Reciprocal Pronoun
    Demonstrative Pronouns

Final Conclusion, Pronoun (Types and Their Uses)

इस प्रकार ऊपर वर्णित 10 महत्वपूर्ण Pronouns के प्रकार एवं उनके उपयोग के नियमों को ध्यान में रखते हुए आप परीक्षा में पूछे जानेवाले प्रश्नों के सही उत्तर दे पाने में सक्षम हो पायेंगे.

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